Coadministration of CAI with ketoconazole increased CAI exposure in most of the patients without altering the toxicity profile of CAI. The highest CAI dose administered on the trial was 300 mg/day. The clinical utility of such a modulation strategy might be explored in future clinical trials of CAI.
Combination therapy comprising transarterial infusion of epirubicin and cisplatin, systemic infusion of 5-FU, and additional PEI appears to be feasible and promising as a multimodal approach for unresectable HCC. Furthermore, it may provide a survival benefit for patients with more advanced disease.