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Glomus cells within the carotid body are known to respond to hypoxic stimuli. Recently, these cells have been shown to express the long form of the leptin receptor (Ob-Rb). However, whether these glomus cells expressing the Ob-Rb are activated by hypoxic stimuli is not known. Therefore, in this...
In search for novel treatment approaches in status epilepticus, the anticonvulsant effect of moderate and deep hypothermia was assessed in a rodent model. Self-sustaining status epilepticus (SSSE) characterized by spontaneous high-amplitude discharges recorded from the dentate gyrus was induced...
Chewing alters hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis function and improves the ability to cope with stress in rodents. Given that stress negatively influences hippocampus-dependent learning and memory, we aimed to elucidate whether masticatory movements, namely chewing, improve the...
Glycine receptors (GlyRs) are pentameric membrane proteins in the form of either α-homomers or α–β heteromers. Four out of five subunits; α1–3 and β, have been found in the mammalian brain. Early studies investigating subunit composition and expression patterns of this receptor have...
An advantage for bilingual relative to monolingual young adults has been found for cognitive control tasks, although this finding is not consistent in the literature. The present investigation further examined this advantage using three tasks previously found to be sensitive to the effect....
Neuronal loss in Parkinson's Disease (PD) is seen in a number of brain regions in addition to the substantia nigra (SN). Among these is the thalamic parafascicular nucleus (PF), which sends glutamatergic projections to the striatum and receives GABAergic inputs from the SN. Recent data suggest...
In traditional theories of language comprehension, syntactic and semantic processing are inextricably linked. This assumption has been challenged by the ‘Semantic Illusion Effect’ found in studies using Event Related brain Potentials. Semantically anomalous sentences did not produce the...
Inflammation is part of the innate immune response following insults to the body. This inflammatory reaction can spread throughout the systemic circulation and also into the central nervous system (CNS). CNS involvement has been demonstrated following acute peripheral insults including sepsis,...
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