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Recent studies have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has therapeutic potential for some neurological and psychiatric disorders. However, the neurobiological effects of this tool are not sufficiently explained so far, previous research reported that rTMS can change...
The possible neuroprotector effects of pentoxifylline (P), a methylxanthine derivative and phosphodiesterase inhibitor, were studied on male Wistar rats subjected to a model of transient brain ischemia. One group was treated, 1 h before ischemia (ISC) and 1 h after, with pentoxifylline (P), 50...
The pathophysiology of Parkinson disease (PD) is characterized by derangements in the discharge rates, bursting patterns, and oscillatory activity of basal ganglia (BG) neurons. In this study, subthalamic nucleus (STN) neuronal activity patterns in humans with PD were compared with that in the...
Recent studies suggest that normobaric hyperoxia (HO) results in brain ischemic tolerance (BIT), reducing ischemic brain injury. We have attempted to determine the time course of HO-induced upregulation of antioxidant enzymes. Rodents comprised five groups, breathing room air (RA; O 2 = 21%), or...
Evidence implicates anandamide in dopamine-related cocaine function. In the present study, we investigated the effect of methanandamide (5 mg/kg, i.p.), a stable anandamide analog, on the hyperthermia and hyperactivity induced by a fixed dose of cocaine (15 mg/kg, i.p.). Cocaine administered to...
Introduction: The RIII reflex is used in fundamental and clinical pain research. Here we introduce a continual reflex threshold tracking algorithm to facilitate investigations of the time courses of influences on the threshold. Methods: First we investigated the probability of reflex occurrence...
The present studies employed behavioral and neural markers of seizure-related plasticity to examine the relative contributions of genetic predisposition versus rearing environment in generating adult phenotypes in EL mice, a stress-induced animal model of epilepsy. Early environment was...
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