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It is well established that the intermediate cerebellum is involved in the acquisition of classically conditioned eyeblink responses (CRs). Recent studies that inactivated the interposed nuclei (IN) demonstrated that blocking the intermediate cerebellum also interrupts CR extinction. Is this...
Resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in grapevines, exerts neuroprotective, cancer chemopreventive, antiinflammatory and cardioprotective activities. Studies have also shown that resveratrol exhibits analgesic effects. Cyclooxygenase inhibition and K + channel opening have been suggested as...
Neuropeptide W-23 (NPW23) is an endogenous ligand of both GPR7 and GPR8, and neuropeptide B (NPB) is an endogenous ligand of GPR7. GPR7 mRNA has been detected in regions of the cortex, the hippocampus, the hypothalamus, and the spinal cord in the rat, but GPR8 has not been found in rodents. GPR7...
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) has an important role in the development of AIDS dementia. The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (gp120) and transregulatory protein (Tat) of HIV-1 are neurotoxic and cytotoxic and have been implicated in the development of HIV dementia. They are known to cause oxidative...
In recent experimental studies, a selective antagonist of endothelin ET A receptors, SB 234551, improved neurological and histological outcome in both head trauma and transient focal cerebral ischemia. The present study was conducted to ascertain the degree to which hemodynamic alterations are...
Sprague–Dawley rats with unilateral lesion of the medial forebrain bundle by 6-hydroxydopamine showed marked decrease in the expression of dopamine D 1 and D 2 receptors in the prefrontal cortex. Simvastatin (10 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks) restored receptor expression to control levels. Given the...
Delta opioid receptor (DOR) selective agonists hold promise clinically as analgesics, but their effects on seizures remain controversial. In this study we examined the effects of the DOR agonist, (+)-4-((alpha R)-alpha-((2S,5R)-4-allyl-2,5-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl)-3-methoxybenzyl)- N , N...
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