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Previously, we found that repeated exposure to predator stress corrected the deficit in spatial learning of apolipoprotein E-knockout (apoE0/0) mice, but impaired cognitive performance of wild-type mice. Here we show that elevated corticosterone concentrations, accomplished by subcutaneously...
Intracerebral infusion of lysed erythrocytes causes brain edema without inducing ischemic cerebral blood flow. Reports have indicated that oxidative damage contributes to secondary brain injury in stroke. In the present study, we investigated whether erythrocyte lysis after intracerebral...
The present experiments determined whether temporary inactivation or blockade of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in the dorsomedial striatum affects acquisition or reversal learning of a response discrimination. Testing occurred in a modified cross-maze across two consecutive sessions. In the...
The effect of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists at the spinal level has not been well studied in neuropathic states. In the present report, we demonstrate the efficacy of intrathecal nicotinic agonists in partial sciatic nerve injury-induced neuropathy model mice. Intrathecal...
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) is a sexually dimorphic group of motoneurons in Rexed’s Lamina X of the lumbosacral spinal cord of the Mongolian gerbil. The SNB innervates the perineal musculature, the bulbocavernosus (BC), levator ani (LA), and external anal sphincter (EAS)....
Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) produces antinociception that is modified by intrathecal alpha-adrenergic antagonists. Spinally-projecting noradrenergic neurons in the LH have not been identified, suggesting that the LH may innervate brainstem noradrenergic neurons, such as the A7...
We have previously reported that the angiotensin system in the anterior hypothalamic area (AHA) is enhanced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and that this enhancement is involved in hypertension in SHR. In addition, acetylcholine (ACh) release is increased in the rostral ventrolateral...
Glutamate transporters play an important role in homeostasis of extracellular glutamate, a major excitatory neurotransmitter and a potential neurotoxin. In mammalian brain, glutamate transporter type 2 (EAAT2) is the most abundant form. Studies of molecular structures demonstrated that tyrosine...
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