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The motor outflow of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is differentiated into two major divisions, parasympathetic (PSNS) and sympathetic (SNS). Both are organized hierarchically into pre- and postganglionic levels, but classically the two divisions have been assumed to differ in their ratios of...
Recent studies have shown that certain types of nerve cell death in the brain occur by an apoptotic mechanism. Researchers have demonstrated that moderate hypoxic-ischemic (HI) episodes and status epilepticus (SE) can cause DNA fragmentation as well as other morphological features of apoptosis in...