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Background The value of respiratory variables as weaning predictors in the intensive care unit (ICU) is controversial. We evaluated the ability of tidal volume (Vt exp ), respiratory rate ( f ), minute volume (MV exp ), rapid shallow breathing index ( f /Vt), inspired–expired oxygen...
No clear consensus exists on how to best prevent severe headache from occurring after accidental dural puncture. We conducted a quantitative systematic review to identify all available evidence for the prevention of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and included 17 studies with 1264 patients...
Background Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions compromise blood coagulation. Low molecular weight, low-substituted HES products, and electrolyte-balanced solutions might reduce this effect. We compared the effects of in vitro haemodilution on blood coagulation with a balanced 6% HES 130/0.42...
Background Sevoflurane can be used as a sole agent for intubation in children, but studies have suggested that it is associated with emergence agitation. Fentanyl infusions can be used both to facilitate intubation and decrease emergence agitation. We investigated the effects of fentanyl on...
Background Studies comparing acceleromyography and mechanomyography indicate that the two methods cannot be used interchangeably. However, it is uncertain to what extent differences in precision between the methods and the naturally occurring arm-to-arm variation have influenced the results of...
Background The loss of cholinergic neurones in the basal forebrain has been shown to correlate to the extent of cognitive dysfunction during ageing in humans and to the hypnotic potency of propofol in animal models. We examined how the preoperative cognitive status, as assessed by mini-mental...
Background Pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) has been suggested to reduce peak airway pressure ( P peak ) and intrapulmonary shunt during one-lung ventilation (OLV) when compared with volume-controlled ventilation (VCV). At the same tidal volume ( V T ), the apparent difference in P peak is...
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