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BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been shown to mediate the regulation of gene expression, induce cell growth, cell differentiation, and apoptosis of tumor cells. These compounds are now marketed or are in clinical development. One such HDAC inhibitor, vorinostat...
BACKGROUND: The second most common of all structural birth defects, neural tube defects (NTDs), affect approximately 2.6/1,000 births worldwide, and 1/1,000 births in the United States. Of the many environmental agents suspected of being teratogenic, arsenic (As) is capable of inducing NTDs in...
BACKGROUND: Chromium(III) is generally thought to be an essential trace element that allows for proper glucose metabolism. However, chromium(III) picolinate, Cr(pic)3, a popular dietary supplement form of chromium, has been shown to be capable of generating hydroxyl radicals and oxidative DNA...
Computational, systems‐based approaches can provide a quantitative construct for evaluating risk in the context of mechanistic data. Previously, we developed computational models for the rat, mouse, rhesus monkey, and human, describing the acquisition of adult neuron number in the neocortex...
BACKGROUND: Recently, it was reported that the 4‐week exposure of rats to a concrete building environment under cool temperatures (11.7–12.1°C) had adverse effects on the general health parameters. This study examined the potential effects of concrete and hwangto building environments on...
BACKGROUND: Endogenous opioids seem to regulate hypothalamic gonadotropin release in both males and females, as evidenced by the effects of opioid agonists and antagonists on LHRH release and reproductive hormone levels. The effects of long‐term oral administration of opioid analgesics on...
BACKGROUND: To determine a population‐based incidence of congenital anomalies following prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants used alone and in combination with a benzodiazepines (BZ). METHODS: Population health data, maternal health, and prenatal prescription...
BACKGROUND: The oral administration of d,l‐methylphenidate (MPH) was designed to encompass the major part of postnatal development in the rat and to evaluate potential chronic effects. METHODS: Wistar Hannover rats were cross‐fostered on postpartum day 0 (day of birth) and were administered...
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