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BACKGROUND: Given the role of nutrition and body weight gain in normal development, pharmaceuticals intended to reduce appetite and promote weight loss will generate safety data that may be challenging to interpret. To aid with this, the effects of feed restriction and subsequent body weight...
BACKGROUND: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by certain Aspergillus and Penicillium species. It has been observed to be teratogenic in a number of animal models including rat, mouse, hamster, and chick, with reduced birth weight and craniofacial abnormalities being the most commonly...
BACKGROUND: Feed restriction with its resultant body weight loss impacts the rodent estrous cycle; however, the manifestation of these changes in a regulatory study design has not been documented. This study reports the effects of feed restriction in the context of an FDA regulatory submission....
BACKGROUND: Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), found widely in wildlife and humans, is environmentally and metabolically stable. Environmental PFOS may be from its use as a surfactant, hydrolysis of perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride, and degradation of N‐alkyl‐perfluorooctanesulfonamide...
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking by women during pregnancy increases the risk of congenital birth defects in the infants. Among the smoke products, nicotine is believed to be the major teratogenic factor that perturbs embryonic development. However, the role of nicotine in embryonic malformations has...
BACKGROUND: the inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) has been reported as an effective mechanism on therapy in neoplastic diseases. Among HDAC inhibitors, Trichostatin A (TSA) and Valproic Acid (VPA) prevent the tumorigenesis in rodent and human models. Malformations as neural tube and axial...
BACKGROUND: Appropriate maternal nutrition and body weight gain during pregnancy is well established as a major factor in healthy prenatal development in humans. Given the role of nutrition and body weight gain in normal development, pharmaceuticals intended to reduce appetite and promote weight...
BACKGROUND: Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis L) is a multi‐purpose herb (Hobbs, 1990: Pharm Hist 32:79–82) widely used for its antibiotic properties. It is traditionally contraindicated in pregnancy based on in vivo data but this contraindication has not been confirmed by conventional studies...
BACKGROUND: The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a New World primate that has been used increasingly in toxicological evaluations including testing for testicular toxicity of pharmaceutical and environmental chemicals. Information on structural and functional characteristics of the testis...
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