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Abstract In this paper, we propose a new class of cellular automata based on the modification of its state space. It is introduced to model a computation which is exposed to an environment. We formalized the computation as extension and projection processes of its state space and resulting...
Abstract Genetic oscillators are a major theme of interest in the emerging field of synthetic biology. Until recently, most work has been carried out using intra-cellular oscillators, but this approach restricts the broader applicability of such systems. Motivated by a desire to develop...
The prediction of protein side-chain conformation is central for understanding protein functions. Side-chain packing is a sub-problem of protein folding and its computational complexity has been shown to be NP-hard. We investigated the capabilities of a hybrid (genetic algorithm/simulated...
Recent experimental studies strongly suggest the influence of glial purinergic transmission in the modulation of synaptic dynamics. By releasing adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which accumulates as adenosine, astrocytes tonically suppressed synaptic transmission. The delayed multi-step feedback of...
Genomic amino acid usages coevolve with cloverleaf formation capacities of corresponding primate mitochondrial tRNAs, also for antisense tRNAs, suggesting translational function for sense and antisense tRNAs. Some antisense tRNAs are antitermination tRNAs (anticodons match stops (UAR: UAA, UAG;...
Abstract We propose a model of quantum-like (QL) processing of mental information. This model is based on quantum information theory. However, in contrast to models of “quantum physical brain” reducing mental activity (at least at the highest level) to quantum physical phenomena in the brain,...
Abstract We study the correlation of the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) with the presence of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the −308 position of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) gene. We also consider the influence of the occurrence of type 2 diabetes (t2DM)....
ATP synthase couples proton flow to ATP synthesis, but is leaky to protons at very low nucleotide concentration. Based on the bi-site mechanism, we simulated the proton conduction from proton slip to “coupled” proton flow in ATP synthase using the Monte Carlo method. Good agreement is...
Traffic optimization of railroad networks was considered using an algorithm that was biologically inspired by an amoeba-like organism, plasmodium of the true slime mold, Physarum polycephalum . The organism developed a transportation network consisting of a tubular structure to transport...
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