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Over the past 50 years, much attention has been given to the Prisoner’s Dilemma as a metaphor for problems surrounding the evolution and maintenance of cooperative and altruistic behavior. The bulk of this work has dealt with the successfulness and robustness of various strategies. Nowak and...
Recent analyses of biological and artificial networks have revealed a common network architecture, called scale-free topology. The origin of the scale-free topology has been explained by using growth and preferential attachment mechanisms. In a cell, proteins are the most important carriers of...
Myosins are molecular motors that convert the chemical energy of ATP into mechanical work called a power stroke. Class II myosin engaged in muscle contraction is reported to show a “loose coupling phenomenon”, in which the number of power strokes is greater than the number of ATP hydrolyses....
We performed a series of evolution experiments, the results of which illustrated the relationship between mutations and increased carrying capacity ( K ). Performing an evolution experiment with repeated cycles of mutation by PCR and selection makes it possible to obtain results over shorter...
In this paper, we present a modelling framework for cellular evolution that is based on the notion that a cell’s behaviour is driven by interactions with other cells and its immediate environment. We equip each cell with a phenotype that determines its behaviour and implement a decision...
In vitro neural networks of cortical neurons interfaced to a computer via multichannel microelectrode arrays (MEA) provide a unique paradigm to create a hybrid neural computer. Unfortunately, only rudimentary information about these in vitro network’s computational properties or the extent of...
In this paper, we use stickers to construct a solution space of DNA for the maximal clique problem (MCP). Simultaneously, we also apply the DNA operation in the sticker-based model to develop a DNA algorithm. The results of the proposed algorithm show that the MCP is resolved with biological...
In this research, we demonstrated that the plastoquinone-related electron-transport kinetics in photosynthesis could be sufficiently described with as few as three state variables, Q A − , Q B − , and Q B 2− . A third-order kinetic model structure was developed with delayed fluorescence as...
We propose a neural circuit model of emotional learning using two pathways with different granularity and speed of information processing. In order to derive a precise time process, we utilized a spiking model neuron proposed by Izhikevich and spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity (STDP) of...
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