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This paper presents an investigation into the responses of neurons to errors in presynaptic spike trains. Errors are viewed, in nonlinear dynamical terms, as brief-duration changes in stationary presynaptic spike trains which induce transient responses in the postsynaptic cell. As these are...
We study possible anti-kindling effects of the standard high-frequency deep brain stimulation (HFDBS) and of a desynchronizing multisite coordinated reset stimulation (MCRS) theoretically in a mathematical model of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). The latter is an effective target for deep brain...
Probably the hardest test for a theory of brain function is the explanation of language processing in the human brain, in particular the interplay of syntax and semantics. Clearly such an explanation can only be very speculative, because there are essentially no animal models and it is hard to...
We have recently established an empirical Bayes method that extracts both the intrinsic irregularity and the time-dependent rate from a spike sequence (Koyama, S., Shinomoto, S., 2005. Empirical Bayes interpretations of random point events. J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 38, L531–L537). In the present...
Adult patterns of neuronal connectivity develop from a transient embryonic template characterized by exuberant projections to both appropriate and inappropriate target regions in a process known as synaptic pruning . Trigger signals able to induce synaptic pruning could be related to dynamic...
We investigate a non-linear network with two processing stages optimized to reduce the statistical dependencies in natural images. This network serves as a model for the neural information processing in the higher visual areas of primates (visual cortices V2–V4). The resulting population is...
Biological systems are notoriously noisy. Noise, therefore, also plays an important role in many models of neural impulse generation. Noise is not only introduced for more realistic simulations but also to account for cooperative effects between noisy and nonlinear dynamics. Often, this is...
Enhancement of auditory transients is well documented in the auditory periphery and mid-brain, and single unit investigations have identified units with responses which may underlie this sensitivity. It is also known that transients are important in psychophysics in, for example, speech...
Two neural models are analysed and shown to exhibit the stochastic resonance effect. Namely, they respond to an underthreshold sinusoidal signal with an output signal whose signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) firstly increases then decreases as the intensity of noise affecting the system increases. The...
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