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Platelet margination (enhanced platelet concentration in the near wall region of a blood vessel) has been well documented in small vessels. In artery-sized vessels margination has only been demonstrated in one study, using ghost cell suspensions and under relatively non-physiologic conditions of...
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) are two commonly injured structures in the human knee. While the MCL heals post-traumatically, the ACL does not. Since growth factors play a major role in the proliferation phase of wound healing, we compared the...
Background. The deformability of red blood cells (RBCs) is of great importance for the conservation of oxygen delivery in the microcirculation. Even a small fraction of rigid cells is considered to harm the exchange of respiratory gases. Techniques that measure RBC deformability often provide an...
In regions of a vessel that experience low shear stress and reversing flow patterns, early features in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis include the accumulation of oxidized LDL (OxLDL) and adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells (EC). Here we investigated the hypothesis that low shear...
The reversible aggregation of red blood cells (RBC) into linear and three-dimensional structures continues to be of basic science and clinical interest: RBC aggregation affects low shear blood viscosity and microvascular flow dynamics, and can be markedly enhanced in several clinical states....
The effects of mechanical stress on red blood cell (RBC) deformability were evaluated by subjecting cells to a uniform fluid shear stress of 120 Pa for 15-120 seconds at 37°C. This level of stress induced significant impairment of RBC deformability as assessed by ektacytometry, with the degree...
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