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EPR studies on radical enzymes are reviewed under the aspects of the information that they can provide and of the techniques that are used. An overview of organic radicals derived from amino acids, modified amino acids, and cofactors is given and g tensor data are compiled. The information...
Several novel enzyme reactions have recently been discovered in the aromatic metabolism of anaerobic bacteria. Many of these reactions appear to be catalyzed by oxygen-sensitive enzymes by means of highly reactive radical intermediates. This contribution deals with two key reactions in this...
More than 50 years ago, initial experiments on enzymatic photorepair of ultraviolet (UV)-damaged DNA were reported (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 35 (1949) 73). Soon after this discovery, it was recognized that one enzyme, photolyase, is able to repair UV-induced DNA lesions by effectively...
Tyrosine radicals play catalytic roles in essential metalloenzymes. Their properties—midpoint potential, stability…—or environment varies considerably from one enzyme to the other. To understand the origin of these properties, the redox tyrosines are studied by a number of spectroscopic...
Photogenerated short-lived radical pairs (RP) are common in biological photoprocesses such as photosynthesis and enzymatic DNA repair. They can be favorably probed by time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods with adequate time resolution. Two EPR techniques have proven to be...
The reaction between hydroperoxides and the haem group of proteins and enzymes is important for the function of many enzymes but has also been implicated in a number of pathological conditions where oxygen binding proteins interact with hydrogen peroxide or other peroxides. The haem group in the...
Amino-acid radical enzymes are often highly complex structures containing multiple protein subunits and cofactors. These properties have in many cases hampered the detailed characterization of their amino-acid redox cofactors. To address this problem, a range of approaches has recently been...
This short review compiles high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) studies on different intermediate amino acid radicals, which emerge in wild-type and mutant class I ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) both in the reaction of protein subunit R2...
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