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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of environmental novelty on amphetamine discrimination. Two groups of rats (home group and novelty group) were trained to perform water-reinforced operant behavior in cages equipped with two levers and a retractable liquid dipper (0.1 cc...
We asked whether the effects of exposure to two human sex-steroid derived compounds were context dependent. The effects of sniffing 4,16-androstadien-3-one (AND) and 1,3,5(10),16-estratetraen-3-ol (EST) on mood, memory, and autonomic nervous system responses were explored in 72 participants....
Core and shell regions of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) have been implicated in different aspects of goal-directed behavior. To assess these differences at the neuronal level, we evaluated core and shell single-unit activity in eight rats during one-trial, free-choice entry into a novel...
In the present high-resolution electroencephalographic (EEG) study, an omitted-stimulus paradigm induced a strong expectancy for a predictable painful stimulation (nonpainful in the control condition). During the expectancy of pain, concurrent cognitive demands were superimposed. The aim was to...
Previous studies have shown that the presence of hippocampal theta activity is important for learning and memory, and that the medial supramammillary nucleus (mSuM) is involved in the control of the frequency of theta rhythm. It has also been shown that the depression of mSuM activity by...
Developments in the genetic manipulation of mice have intensified interest in the relation between genes, environment and learned behavior, which in turn has led to exploration of experimental procedures for assessing genetic influences on learning using methods such as response acquisition. The...
Adult Long–Evans male rats were subjected to electrolytic lesions of the ventral subiculum, and tested for locomotor activity in the home cage, reference and working memory in the water maze, working memory in the radial maze, and d -amphetamine-induced locomotion (1 mg/kg, i.p.). When compared...
Among cocaine addicts, there is a strong variation in response to relapse provoking factors like conditioned cues and renewed contact with the drug. Here we show that such large individual differences also exist in rats. Reinstatement of extinguished cocaine-seeking behavior was triggered by...
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