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Excess body weight in combination with physical inactivity is a major determinant for the development of insulin resistance with associated hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia and further leads to tumour development. Several prospective epidemiological studies have shown a direct association...
The definition of mitogenic activity of insulin is controversial. Under physiological conditions, mitogenic refers to cell proliferation and tissue repair. In pathological conditions, it may refer to stimulation of tumour cells in pre-existing (undiagnosed) tumours. The in vitro investigations...
Epidemiological studies assign a role to insulin signalling deregulation and diabetes mellitus in human hepatocarcinogenesis. The underlying mechanisms, however, remain largely unknown. To unravel the molecular pathogenesis of insulin-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, we generated an experimental...
Circulating insulin crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB) into the central nervous system (CNS). There are many insulin receptors in various areas of the brain; they are expressed by both astrocytes and neurons. The two main insulin actions in the brain are (a) control of food intake and (b)...
Multiple myeloma remains a fatal B cell malignancy with severe clinical features such as anaemia and bone fractures, caused by the predominant localization of the myeloma cells in the bone marrow (BM). The MM cells first migrate towards the BM, followed by their clonal expansion and induction of...
Insulin resistance and hepatotoxicity induced in high fructose fed rats may involve fructose derived endogenous toxins formed by inflammation. Thus fructose was seventy-fold more toxic if hepatocytes were exposed to non-toxic levels of hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) released by inflammatory cells....
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) mediates the biological actions of both IGF-I and IGF-II. The IGF-IR is expressed in most transformed cells, where it displays potent antiapoptotic, cell-survival, and transforming activities. IGF-IR expression is a fundamental prerequisite for...
In October 2008, the 2nd International Insulin & Cancer Workshop convened roughly 30 researchers from eight countries in Düsseldorf/Germany. At this meeting, which was industry-independent like the preceding one in 2007, the following issues were discussed a) association between certain cancers...
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