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The present work aimed to assess novel pharmacological properties of ethyl vanillin (EVA) which is used as a flavoring agent for cakes, dessert, confectionary, etc. EVA exhibited an inhibitory activity in the chorioallantoic membrane angiogenesis. Anti-inflammatory activity of EVA was convinced...
As an initial step to develop the transdermal delivery system of glucosamine hydrochloride (GL-HCl), the permeation study across the rat skin in vitro was performed to identify the most efficient vehicle with regard to the ability to deliver GL-HCl transdermally. The GL-HCl formulations such as...
Acyl-coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 126.96.36.199) catalyzes triglyceride synthesis in the glycerol phosphate pathway. It has relations with the excess supply and accumulation of triglycerides. Therefore, DGAT inhibitors may act as a potential therapy for obesity and type 2...
The effects of LSKL, the peptide antagonist of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), on renal interstitial fibrosis in rats subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) were investigated. Rats were divided randomly into three groups ( n = 20 each): UUO group, sham-operation group and UUO plus LSKL...
In response to brain insults, microglia, the resident inflammatory cells in CNS, migrate into injured sites to initiate inflammatory responses in brain. ATP, released from apoptotic or necrotic cells induce chemoattractive responses but the mechanism is not clear yet. In this study, we...
Two new 2- C -β-D-glucopyranosyl benzoic acid derivatives named mallonanosides A ( 1 ) and B ( 2 ) were isolated from the methanolic extract of the leaves of Mallotus nanus along with five known flavonoids, kaempferin ( 3 ), juglanin ( 4 ), quercitrin ( 5 ), myricitrin ( 6 ), and rhoifolin ( 7...
In previous study, the anti-diabetic effect of Cinnamomi Cassiae extract (Cinnamon bark: Lauraceae) in a type II diabetic animal model (C57BIKsj db/db) has been reported. To explore their mechanism of action, in present study, the effect of cinnamon extract on anti-hyperglycemia and...
Changes in the serotonergic nervous system after the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of ethylcholine aziridinium (AF64A, 3 nmol/each ventricle) were studied in rats. Two weeks after the infusion of AF64A, the levels of 5-HT and 5-HIAA in microdialysed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF),...
Coumarin components from Psoralea corylifolia L. are novel drugs in which psoralen and isopsoralen are the active components. The pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion of the two compounds were studied by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry after intravenous...
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