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Human submandibular/sublingual saliva contains a protein that promotes adhesion of Streptococcus mutans JBP serotype-c to spheroidal hydroxyapatite in vitro. A high molecular-weight (250,000–300,000 Da) adhesion-promoting protein (APP) was purified by Trisacryl 2000 M gel-filtration...
The semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (EC 188.8.131.52; SSAO) from crude homogenates of human dental pulp was shown to catalyse the oxidative deamination of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin; 5-HT) with a K m of 318±52 μM. In this respect the human enzyme resembles that in pig dental pulp, but...
Increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been found at the protein level in human oral epithelial dysplasias, but, a corresponding expression at the mRNA level has not been demonstrated. The purpose here was to assess the expression of iNOS mRNA and its correlation with...
No published study on synaptogenesis in masseter muscle has focused on the shift of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) from the embryonic type (α 2 -, β-, γ- and δ-subunits) to the adult-type (α 2 -, β-, ε- and δ-subunits) and the elimination of nAChRs outside the neuromuscular...
Salivary proteins have multiple functions and many share similar functions, which may be why it has been difficult to relate variations in their concentrations to oral health and ecology. An alternative is to focus on variations in the major functions of saliva. An hydroxyapatite-coated...
This immunohistochemical study sought to determine whether there are any differences in the peptidergic innervation of these pulps and whether dental caries is associated with changes in neuropeptide expression. Mandibular first permanent molars and second primary molars ( n =120) were obtained...
The rat molars are frequently used as experimental models in endodontic research, but there is little systematic information available on the influence of age on the pulpodentinal organ in Wistar rat molars and it is often difficult to evaluate more subtle changes following experimental...
Since the introduction of acid etching to aid adhesion to enamel, there has been much research into dental materials to improve bond strength, but little into the surface topography of etched enamel, particularly regarding possible variations between tooth types. This study was a systematic...
This study was designed to evaluate the influence of prolonged tensile stress on the viscoelasticity of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc. Twenty discs from 10, 3-year-old cattles were used. Tensile stress of 1.5 MPa was applied to specimens from the discs for 10, 20, 40 and 60 min....
The aim here was to estimate the significance of oral sensation and mastication on functional changes in the parotid glands of partially desalivated rats. Submandibular and sublingual duct-ligated and sham-operated control rats were fed three diets of similar chemical composition but different...
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