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Dexamethasone modulates the effects of other hormones and mediates cell function; the periodontium is a target tissue for androgens. It was therefore relevant to investigate the modulation of androgen metabolism by dexamethasone in cultured human gingival (HGF) and oral periosteal fibroblasts...
The recovery of the human periodontal ligament after transitory tooth deflection is largely obscured. The objective here was to determine the periodontal deformation/recovery cycle of a tooth with a single or dual contact point. ‘Single contact point’, refers to a tooth with a contact point...
The permeability characteristics of dentine have been used in many in vitro studies to evaluate longitudinally the efficacy of various restorative and preventative procedures. However, the permeability of human dentine increases over time after tooth extraction. The aim here was to determine if...
In order to investigate growth modifications of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during dentofacial orthopaedic treatment, specific functional appliances have been used experimentally to prompt the mandible into a protrusive position in various animal models. The purpose of this study was to...
The aim here was to observe the immunohistochemical localization of osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF)/receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand (RANKL) in the rat periodontium. Rat mandibles were demineralized and embedded in paraffin, and horizontal and frontal sections were prepared for...
Developmental disturbances that affect the secretion of enamel matrix can cause defective enamel structure. Linear hypoplasia is one type of enamel defect and manifests itself as a furrow that runs around the circumference of the tooth. Such defects range in size from the microscopic to those...
These effects were studied in conscious rats. Salivary volume and flow rate induced by eating solid diet were decreased by both the hypertonic solutions, compared with the effects of normal saline. This finding suggests that central osmotic perception affects parotid salivary secretion in rats.
The human parotid gland secretes much of the bicarbonate that enters the mouth. Prompted by studies of animal models, this study sought evidence for the expression of a functional Na + –HCO 3 − cotransporter (NBC) in human parotid acinar cells. Microfluorometric measurements of intracellular...
The human hyoid moves continuously in feeding, facilitating movements of the tongue surface and the processing and transport of food. The hypothesis that similar hyoid movements support tongue movements in speech was tested in 10 normal young adults of both sexes, who were recorded with...
Morphological and biomechanical features of the mandible are negatively affected by protein-energy malnutrition, whose effects are apparently dependent on the time of life of application. The aim here was to investigate, in neonatal rats nursed by dams put on a protein-free diet to depress milk...
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