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The aim was to examine factors that potentially control the resting pH, defined as the pH unaffected by meals, of microcosm dental plaques and Streptococcus mutans biofilms under standard conditions, and to examine the effect of supplying urea at concentrations found intraorally. Microcosm...
The binding specificities of Streptococcus glucosyltransferase (Gtf) B, C and D for hydroxyapatite (HA), saliva-coated hydroxyapatite (SHA), and bacterial surfaces were examined. For HA beads the following values were obtained: ( K =affinity; N =number of binding sites) GtfB, K =46×10 5 ml/ μ...
Interleukin-1 α (IL-1 α ) acts in vitro to enhance the gene expression of colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) of dental follicle cells. Because the dental follicle is required for tooth eruption and because CSF-1 appears to be a key molecule in initiating eruption, it was the aim of this study...
The use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of skin and oral cancer has been the subject of several clinical studies but there has been little scientific evaluation of its mechanism of action. Evidence to date suggests that whilst epithelial cell death may be secondary to vascular...
The number of decayed, missed and filled permanent teeth (DMFT), the degree of periodontal inflammation (Periodontal Status Index, PSI), stimulated salivary flow rate and the concentrations of total protein, lactoferrin, lysozyme, myeloperoxidase, salivary peroxidase, calcium, potassium, sodium...
The purpose of this study was to compare the state of the microcirculation in healthy gingiva with that in untreated, inflamed gingiva in humans. Reflection photoplethysmography (RP) was used to record blood flow from 13 clinically healthy, attached gingival sites in seven adults and 11 inflamed...
The aim was to determine the effect of xylitol, fluoride and xylitol/fluoride combined on the erosion of dental enamel by pure orange juice in vitro . Freshly extracted bovine incisors were sectioned vertically into four equal portions. Each portion was then coated with an acid-resistant nail...
Rhythmical jaw movements can be evoked by intracortical microstimulation within four physiologically defined regions, one of which is the primary face somatosensory cortex (face SI). It has been proposed that these regions may be involved in the selection and/or control of masticatory patterns...
In culture, chondrocytes of Meckel’s cartilage can differentiate further to become bone-type collagen-synthesizing cells. Here, the replacement of type II collagen by type I collagen, accompanying expression of the osteocytic phenotype, was analysed by double immunofluorescence staining,...
On the developing enamel surfaces of fetal human deciduous teeth, many of the surface pits were arcade-shaped with the arcade preferentially pointing in a cervical direction. The configuration of the interprism ridges between the pits contributed to this appearance. Surface cracks allowed...
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