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This study determines deformations that contribute to a Class III mandibular morphology, employing thin-plate spline (TPS) analysis. A total of 133 lateral cephalographs of prepubertal children of European-American descent with either a Class I molar occlusion or a Class III malocclusion were...
The eruption of the deciduous teeth in Down's individuals is reportedly delayed, but the extent of delay in comparison to normal children has been little studied. The eruption characteristics of the deciduous teeth in a sample of Chilean individuals with Down's syndrome were compared with those...
A non-invasive method is presented for transmuscular stimulation of the masseteric nerve, using a frame to apply a cathode to the mandibular notch and an anode to the inside of the mouth. The H-reflex response was recorded using surface, macro and single motor-unit (SMU) electromyography (EMG)...
The growth of the rat parotid gland induced by daily treatment with isoproterenol (IPR) for 2 weeks was investigated by stereological methods applied to light microscopy. After 7 days of treatment, the glandular mass presented a 286% growth, with the first 3 days being the period of greatest...
Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) enhances the gene expression of colony-stimulating factor-one (CSF-1) in dental follicle cells. In turn, CSF-1 appears to be a critical molecule in stimulating the cellular events of eruption that require the presence of the follicle. Chronologically, the maximal...
Transforming growth factor- β 1 (TGF-β1) was immunolocalized within differentiated odontoblasts and ameloblasts while LAP- β 1 was detected at the apicol pole of odonotoblasts and ameloblasts and in predentine. Anti-LAP- β 1 antibodies also stained the epithelial-mesenchymal junction (EMJ)....
The three-dimensional curvature of the mandibular dental arch was studied in 20 men and 20 women with sound dentitions and free from temporomandibular joint problems. The x , y , z coordinates of cusp tips of all but the third molars were obtained with a three-dimensional digitizer, and used to...
The biosynthesis and hydration of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) has been implicated in the generation of palatal shelf-elevating force(s) in mammals, although the nature of the palatal shelf extracellular matrices during cleft palate formation remains poorly understood. This study quantifies the GAG...
At concentrations > 50 μM, extracellular ATP dose-dependently increased cytosolic Ca 2+ concentration ((Ca 2+ ) i ) via activation of P 2Z purinoceptors in rat parotid acinar cells. This increase in (Ca 2+ ) i is primarily due to entry of Ca 2+ from the extracellular medium. Inositol...
Anaemia caused by iron deficiency and dental caries are still among the most prevalent diseases in some developing countries. Anaemia can be prevented by iron fortification of food. Previous studies demonstrated that iron-sucrose, which has been used for prevention of anaemia, reduces the...
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