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Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents a high risk of systemic embolism, particularly of stroke (S). This is true not only when AF is associated with an organic cardiopathy, but also in the so-called nonvalvular AF (NVAF). Not all cases of AF are of the same S-risk; such risk is higher for rheumatic...
Cardioembolic stroke is quite common (15% of all ischemic strokes) not only in younger patients but also in the elderly. Clinical diagnosis is often difficult. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) seems to be the most reliable non-invasive method of examination. Because of the close topographical...