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Current–voltage characteristics are reported as a function of temperature (2–300 K) for 2.8-nm-thick eicosanoic acid (C 20 ) Langmuir–Blodgett organic monolayers sandwiched between planar platinum electrodes of area 5–200 μm 2 . An exponential temperature dependence observed between 60...
This paper addresses recent theoretical and experimental advances in obtaining large spin polarization in semiconductors. In particular, we describe tunneling of electrons between nonmagnetic semiconductors (S) and ferromagnets (FM) through a Schottky barrier modified by very thin heavily doped...
This paper presents an overview of the issues related to the integration of carbon nanotubes into microelectronics systems. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of carbon nanotubes as on-chip wiring (interconnects) and active devices (transistors), the two main building blocks of current...
The recently discovered new mechanism of light emission from a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) compared with well-known conventional mechanisms is reviewed. The new mechanism was found for nanoscale structures which are composed of silicon (Si) dangling bonds on Si(001) surfaces. When an STM...
Diamond cubic Sn-rich nanocrystals were fabricated with radii less than 20 nm by post-growth annealing at T=750 °C of Sn x Ge 1-x alloys grown on Ge(001) by molecular beam epitaxy. The crystal phase of the Sn-rich nanocrystals was determined to be diamond cubic from Fourier transform analysis of...
In this paper we introduce NDSE (nanoscale displacement sensing and estimation) technology, encompassing a family of algorithms which estimate image displacements to within a few nanometers using optical microscopy, and to sub-nanometers using an imaging system with sub-optical imaging...
We report experimental electrical characterization of Al/AlO x /molecule/Ti/Al planar crossbar devices incorporating Langmuir–Blodgett organic monolayers of eicosanoic acid, ‘fast blue’, or chlorophyll-B. Current–voltage and capacitance–voltage measurements on all three molecular device...
In this paper, we investigated an essential precursor of superlensing: enhancing the transmission of evanescent waves assisted by excitation of surface plasmon. Using natural roughness as a well characterized grating, the transmission of evanescent waves is studied through silver thin films of...
A technique involving two steps of chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) has been developed to produce ultra-smooth metal surfaces with an RMS roughness better than 0.1 nm. A figure of merit termed degree of smoothness (DOS) is proposed for the purpose of quantifying the extent of smoothness of a...
We present a defect-tolerant methodology for the interconnect from conventional microelectronics to nano-electronic circuits. A relatively small amount of redundancy is added to a conventional demultiplexer that enables a specific element in an array of nano-wires to be addressed even if one or...
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