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Research activities in the field of III-V solar cells are reviewed. III-V compound semiconductors are used for space solar cells, concentrator solar cells, and in thermophotovoltaic generators. The epitaxial growth of ternary and quaternary material by MOVPE and LPE allows us to realize various...
The present review summarizes the results of research efforts in the field of crystalline silicon thin-film solar cells on foreign substrates. The large number of competing approaches can be broadly classified according to the grain size of the crystalline Si films and the doping of the...
The recent achievements of high-efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 heterojunction solar cells are reviewed with a special focus on the understanding of the electronic transport properties of the devices. We discuss the basic limitations of the device performance, the present understanding of electronic...
The crystalline silicon thin-film solar cell combines, in principle, the advantages of crystalline silicon wafer-based solar cells and of thin-film solar cell technologies. Its efficiency potential is the highest of all thin-film cells. In the “high-temperature approach” thin silicon layers...
The performances of thin-film poly-Si solar cells with a thickness of less than 5 μm on a glass substrate have been investigated. The cell of glass/back reflector/n-i-p type Si/ITO is well characterized by the structure of naturally surface texture and enhanced absorption with a back reflector...
New support is given for one of the controversial models about the electronic consequences of the CdCl 2 treatment of a thin-film CdTe solar cell: the assumption that deep acceptor states are introduced in the bulk of the CdTe layer as a result of the CdCl 2 treatment. A detailed study of the...
Heat treatment with high-pressure H 2 O vapor was applied to improve interface properties of SiO 2 /Si and passivate the silicon surface. Heat treatment at 180–420 °C with high-pressure H 2 O vapor changed SiO x films, 150 nm thick formed at room temperature by thermal evaporation in vacuum,...
This paper reviews recent developments in the field of amorphous-silicon-based thin-film solar cells and discusses potentials for further improvements. Creative efforts in materials research, device physics, and process engineering have led to highly efficient solar cells based on amorphous...
“Micromorph” tandem solar cells consisting of a microcrystalline silicon bottom cell and an amorphous silicon top cell are considered as one of the most promising new thin-film silicon solar-cell concepts. Their promise lies in the hope of simultaneously achieving high conversion efficiencies...
Copper single-crystals are grown by a galvanic method, using etched ion tracks in a polymer foil as templates. The copper deposition is carried out by reversible pulse electrolysis in an ultrasonic field. The method applied for this purpose permits fabrication of stable standing cylindrical...
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