1 - 10 of 19 articles
The review is devoted to the characteristics of anthraquinones—a group of pigments of quinoid nature often found in fungi. The distribution of anthraquinones in fungi, the routes of their biosynthesis, and their biological activity are considered.
A new biotest system was developed based on highly proliferating human cell cultures (lines LNCaP and PC-3). With the help of this system, two known synthetic polyamines—α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) and methylglioxalbis(guanylhydrason) (MGBG)—as well as four new synthetic analogues...
m for L-phenylalanine, L-glutamic acid, L-aspartic acid, and the corresponding keto acids were calculated, as well as V
max was measured for the following pairs of substrates: L-phenylalanine-2-ketoglutarate, L-phenylalanine-oxaloacetate, L-glutamic acid-phenylpyruvate, and L-aspartic...
In this study, we constructed and characterized Escherichia coli strains deficient in mixed acid fermentation pathways, which are capable of rapid aerobic growth on glucose without pronounced bacterial Crabtree effect. The main pathways of production of acetic and lactic acids and ethanol in...
The mechanisms of L-alanine overproduction by Brevibacterium flavum strain-producers were studied. It was shown that β-Cl-L-alanine is an inhibitor of some key enzymes involved in the synthesis of L-alanine: alanine transaminase and valine-pyruvate transaminase. Two highly active B. flavum GL1...
Threonine dehydratase (EC 184.108.40.206, TDH) catalyzing the degradation of Thr to α-ketobutyrate, is a rate-limiting enzyme in L-Ile pathway. The tdcB gene encoding TDH was obtained from Escherichia coli K12 by PCR and expressed at E. coli BL21 (DE3). Then the tdcB gene was inserted into the shuttle...
hisL′-ΔΔ, purR, which produces histidine with a weight yield of approximately 12% from glucose, was constructed through directed chromosomal modifications of the laboratory Escherichia coli strain MG1655+, which has a known genome sequence. A feedback-resistant...
The genes encoding putative L-aspartate dehydrogenases (EC 220.127.116.11, ADH) from the mesophilic nitrogen-fixing bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris and Bradyrhizobium japonicum were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The respective enzymes in the form of hybrid proteins with N-terminal...
The effect of cold plasma on E. coli cells was studied. It was shown that the treatment of E. coli cells with cold plasma caused partial or total disruption of the plasma membrane integrity, which was accompanied by a release of intracellular substances into the extracellular environment. A...
The influence of the concentration and time of addition of cosubstrate (pentanol) on the molecular weight (MW) of the polyhydroxybutyrate/valerate (PHBV) copolymer synthesized by Methylobacterium extorquens G-10 during cultivation in a methanol-containing medium has been studied. It was shown...
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