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Inclusion of C-5 propynyl pyrimidines in phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) has been shown to significantly increase their potency for inhibiting gene expression in vitro . This increased potency is believed to be the result of enhanced binding affinity to target RNA. Our results...
The proliferative response of primary B cells to CpG oligonucleotides (ODN) involves induction of nuclear activation promoting-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. AP-1 subunits c-Fos, Fos-B, Jun-B, and Jun-D, but not Fra-1 or Fra-2, were all induced by CpG ODNs in B cells within 30 minutes of...
Short interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of deleterious endogenous transcripts has potential applications for the treatment of hereditary diseases. In situations where the mutant and wildtype transcripts cannot be discriminated from one another by siRNAs, it may be necessary to...
A recently developed antisense splicing assay was used to determine the relative activities of 2′- O -methoxyethoxy (2′-MOE) phosphorothioate oligonucleotides containing base modifications. In the assay, RNase H-inactive oligonucleotides are used to block aberrant splicing and restore correct...
Bacterial DNA and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing unmethylated CpG motifs in particular sequence contexts (CpG ODN) are recognized as a danger signal by the innate immune system of vertebrates. For this reason, CpG ODNs have a potential application as both an adjuvant and...
Oligonucleotide (ODN) therapy is a powerful tool for modulation of gene expression in vivo . With advances in ODN chemistry and progress in formulation development, ODNs are becoming widely acceptable drugs. This review summarizes the current status and future trend of the in vivo application of...
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