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This review gives a brief introduction to chiral perturbation theory in its various settings. We discuss some applications of recent interest, including chiral extrapolations for lattice gauge theory.
From 1983 to 2002, the Indiana Cooler was constructed and operated at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility. During that period, a relatively small group of people built an accelerator complex, explored the new technology of electron cooling, and demonstrated its usefulness in nuclear and...
We review the theoretical status of b → s hadronic penguin decays in the Standard Model and beyond. We summarize the main theoretical tools to compute branching ratios and CP asymmetries for b → s penguin-dominated nonleptonic decays and discuss the theoretical uncertainties in the prediction...
We review the theoretical background, experimental techniques, and phenomenology of what is known in relativistic heavy ion physics as the Glauber model, which is used to calculate geometric quantities. A brief history of the original Glauber model is presented, with emphasis on its development...
We survey the theory and experimental tests for the propagation of cosmic rays in the Galaxy up to energies of 10 15 eV. A guide to the previous reviews and essential literature is given, followed by an exposition of basic principles. The basic ideas of cosmic-ray propagation are described, and...
Primordial nucleosynthesis probes the Universe during its early evolution. Given the progress in exploring the constituents, structure, and recent evolution of the Universe, it is timely to review the status of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and confront its predictions, and the constraints that...
To introduce the ideas of statistical and systematic errors, this review first describes a simple pendulum experiment. We follow with a brief discussion of the Bayesian and frequentist approaches. Two widely used applications of statistical techniques in particle physics data include extracting...
Two-photon exchange contributions to elastic electron scattering are reviewed. The apparent discrepancy between unpolarized Rosenbluth and polarization transfer experiments in the extraction of elastic nucleon form factors is discussed, as well as the understanding of this puzzle in terms of...
We review recent progress in applying the AdS/CFT correspondence to finite-temperature field theory. In particular, we show how the hydrodynamic behavior of field theory is reflected in the low-momentum limit of correlation functions computed through a real-time AdS/CFT prescription, which we...
We provide a qualitative review of flux compactifications of string theory, focusing on broad physical implications and statistical methods of analysis.
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