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▪ Abstract We describe the anticipated experimental program of an e + e − linear collider in the energy region 500 GeV—1.5 TeV, emphasizing topics relevant to the mystery of electroweak symmetry breaking.
▪ Abstract Recent data from the Tevatron collider have revealed that the production rate of prompt charmonium at large transverse momentum is orders of magnitude larger than the best theories of a few years ago had predicted. These surprising results can be understood by taking into account two...
▪ Abstract This review discusses the experimental and theoretical status of various parton-model sum rules. The basis of the sum rules in perturbative quantum chromodynamics is discussed. Their use in extracting the value of the strong coupling constant is evaluated, and the failure of the...
▪ Abstract Since the discovery of the bottom quark in 1977, physicists have searched for the top quark, the weak isospin partner of the bottom quark. Indirect evidence and estimates of its mass have been made; however, direct observation eluded scientists until recently. In the spring of 1995,...
▪ Abstract The need for very good energy resolution in experiments in particle and astroparticle physics and the need to detect very small energy depositions are the major motivations for the development of low-temperature particle detectors. Because the energy quanta associated with...
▪ Abstract A quantitative model, based on hadronic physics and Monte Carlo cascading, is described and applied to heavy ion collisions at BNL-AGS energies (∼ 14 GeV/ u ). The model was found to be in excellent agreement with particle spectra where data previously existed, for Si beams, and...
▪ Abstract We provide an overview of the present understanding of the transition from hadrons to a quark-gluon plasma, its signatures, and the experimental results so far. We discuss results of numerical simulations of the lattice gauge theory and critically evaluate the various observables...
▪ Abstract A mesoscopic system with strong interaction between constituents, the atomic nucleus is a good candidate for studying the manifestations of quantum chaos. Recent experimental and theoretical developments give clear evidence of the dominant role chaotic dynamics plays not only in...
▪ Abstract We review recent experimental results on lifetimes and on hadronic decays of hadrons that contain c and b quarks. The theoretical implications of these results are also considered. An understanding of hadronic decays of heavy quarks is required to interpret the...
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