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Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammatory pathways play an essential role in all stages of atherogenesis. Inflammatory processes are not only involved in plaque progression, but seem also to play a critical role in plaque rupture. Members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamiliy are...
Guidelines on hypertension diagnosis and treatment have been issued in 2007. Since then, a number of major intervention clinical trials have been designed, carried out, and completed with the aim of investigating unsolved issues related to the impact of the blood pressure-lowering intervention on...
A general consensus on the role of testicular biopsy in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is needed. This paper reviews and updates technical aspects and clinical performance of the percutaneous testicular biopsy techniques, in particular large-needle aspiration biopsy (LNAB), and proposes a flow...
The limits of traditional anticoagulants, such as heparin and warfarin, have prompted the search for new agents for prophylaxis and treatment of arterial and venous thromboembolism, including factor Xa and thrombin inhibitors. These agents can be given orally, and their most significant advantage...