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The emergence of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria is one of the most critical problems of modern medicine, and novel, effective approaches for treating infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are urgently required. In this context, one intriguing approach is to use...
The sieving of plasma components occurs in the kidney through the glomerular capillary wall. This filter is composed of three layers: endothelium, glomerular basement membrane (GBM), and podocyte foot processes connected by slit diaphragms. Defects in this barrier lead to proteinuria and...
Visceral obesity is associated with metabolic abnormalities that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. Obese patients with a substantial accumulation of visceral adipose tissue are characterized by higher insulinaemic and glycaemic responses during an oral glucose...
Catecholamines are the major lipolytic hormones in human fat cells, and lipolytic catecholamine resistance is described in obesity. Studies on twins and in rare genetic disorders suggest a strong heredity component of catecholamine-induced lipolysis. Polymorphisms in catecholamine receptor...
A large body of evidence demonstrates depot-specific differences in the expression of genes coding important functional proteins in adipocytes. This may contribute to the well-known specific functional properties of the adipocytes from intra-abdominal and subcutaneous regions. This review will...
Several recent case reports and clinical trials have demonstrated that thalidomide is emerging as an efficacious alternative in the treatment of selected patients with refractory Crohn's disease. The effects of thalidomide are at least partly mediated by down-regulation of tumour necrosis factor...
Once multipotent mesechymal cells become committed to the adipoblast lineage, adipogenesis, the process of preadipocytes differentiation into adipocytes is initiated. This process starts with a phase of exponential growth of adipoblasts. Following confluence of these adipoblasts, the cells enter...
Major progress has been made over the last years in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying immune privilege and immune surveillance of the central nervous system (CNS). Once considered a passive process relying only on physical barriers, immune privilege is now viewed as a more complex...
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