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BACKGROUND. Cartilage–hair hypoplasia (CHH), an autosomal recessive chondrodysplasia, is characterized by severe growth failure, hypoplastic hair, impaired immunity, and deficient erythropoiesis. These features may result from a generalized defect in cell proliferation. AIM. In order to...
Autologous saphenous vein is the conduit of choice for the bypass of arterial occlusive disease, be it in the peripheral arterial tree or in the coronary system. This technique is limited by primary graft failure rates approaching 20% in the first year for peripheral arterial disease and 50% at...
BACKGROUND. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is depressed in conditions associated with high sympathetic nerve activity in proportion to circulating noradrenaline (NA) levels. Despite the prognostic importance of measurements of BRS in patients, there is little information on how high NA levels...
The mucosal surfaces are the first portals of entry for most infectious agents, among which respiratory and intestinal viruses are of greatest epidemiological importance. To combat these infections, the immune system uses unspecific and specific mechanisms. Unspecific responses include the...
BACKGROUND. Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) is a marker of recurrence of myocardial infarction. Diabetes mellitus is also an important risk factor of coronary artery disease, including myocardial infarction and angina pectoris. AIM. We examined baseline plasma PAI activity levels, clinical...
In order to infect a host, a microbe must be equipped with special properties known as virulence factors. Bacterial virulence factors are required to facilitate colonization, to survive under host defenses, and to permit multiplication inside the host. However, the possession of genes encoding...
Type 1, insulin-dependent, diabetes is one of the more costly chronic diseases of children, adolescents and adults in Europe and North America. While routine insulin injections currently provide diabetic patients with their daily insulin requirements, blood glucose excursions are common, leading...
Because of the permeability barrier provided by the outer membrane (OM), Gram-negative bacteria are inherently resistant to many hydrophobic antibiotics. This resistance limits the arsenal of antibiotics that are effective in treating Gram-negative bacterial infections. Compounding this problem,...
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