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Clinical and experimental evidence indicates that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) promote malignant progression. In breast cancer, TAMs enhance tumor angiogenesis, tumor cell invasion, matrix remodeling, and immune suppression against the tumor. In this study, we examined late-stage mammary...
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition induces glomerular repair in the Munich Wistar Frömter (MWF) rat, a model of spontaneous glomerular injury. In this study, we investigated whether this effect is related to changes in glomerular cell number, particularly of podocytes, which are...
Abstract Stem cells hold great promise for regenerative medicine, but have remained elusive in many tissues because of a lack of adequate definitive markers. Progress in mouse genetics has provided the tools for characterization and validation of stem cell markers by functional and/or lineage...
Accumulation of extracellular hyaluronan (HA) and its processing enzyme, the hyaluronidase Hyal1, predicts invasive, metastatic progression of human prostate cancer. To dissect the roles of hyaluronan synthases (HAS) and Hyal1 in tumorigenesis and metastasis, we selected nonmetastatic 22Rv1...
The pathological hallmarks of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis include proliferating fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, as well as excessive collagen matrix deposition. In addition, both myofibroblast contraction and remodeling of the collagen-rich matrix contribute to the abnormal structure and...
The elevation of several members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family promotes the pathophysiology of both multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Nonetheless, given the multiple activities of MMPs, it remains possible that increased...
Most breast cancers that occur in women express estrogen receptor (ER ). However, a large subset of these cancers either does not initially respond to anti-estrogen therapy or develops resistance to such treatment modalities. One postulated mechanism of this failure is signaling cross talk...
Polymyositis is a rare and severe inflammatory muscle disorder. Treatments are partially efficacious but have many side effects. New therapeutic approaches must be first tested in a relevant animal model. Regulatory CD4+CD25+ T cells (Tregs) have been rediscovered as a pivotal cell population in...
Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy due to elevated mitotic activities and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Oncogenic RAS and transforming growth factor-β signaling are implicated in these malignant features. The mechanisms that underlie EMT need to be addressed since it...
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal neuromuscular disease that currently has no effective therapy. Transgenic overexpression of the 7 integrin in mdx/utrn –/– mice, a model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy ameliorates the disease. We have isolated and used 7 +/– muscle cells expressing...
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