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Neuroectodermal melanolysosomal disease, also known as Elejalde syndrome, is a rare syndrome characterized by silvery hair, pigment abnormalities, and profound central nervous system dysfunction. It is similar to the Chediak‐Higashi and Griscelli syndromes, although these syndromes are...
Williams‐Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a contiguous gene syndrome that occurs mainly sporadically, with an estimated frequency of 1:13,700 to 1:25,000 (Grimm and Wesselhoeft, 1980; Martin et al., 1984; Udwin, 1990). The cases of monozygotic twins concordant for WBS and dizygotic twins discordant for...
Long QT syndrome is a congenital disorder that presents with a defective cardiac ion channel and is either associated with prolonged action potential or, more commonly, known as an acquired form in which “torsades de pointes” type arrhythmias specifically occur after secondary causes. We...
Mutations in the ENG gene on chromosome 9 (HHT 1) and in the ALK‐1 gene on chromosome 12 (HHT 2) have been reported as causes of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). HHT 1 has been correlated with a higher prevalence of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations than HHT 2. Other distinct...
We report the case of a premature neonate with ascites and dysmorphic facial features at birth. The chromosomal analysis showed an interstitial deletion of chromosome 10, that is, 46, XX, del(10)(q22.3q24.1). This is the first known case of a patient with interstitial deletion of chromosome 10...
Mental retardation (MR) is a genetically heterogeneous, clinically variable condition. Many cases of MR are linked to the X chromosome. The aim of this study was to identify candidate loci for nonspecific MR in Spanish samples. We selected seven families with nonspecific MR and a pattern of...
During a multicentric study conducted in Southern Italy, we studied five sets of cystic fibrosis siblings bearing a strongly discordant liver phenotype, three with genotype ΔF508/R553X, one with genotype ΔF508/unknown, and one with genotype unknown/unknown. The siblings of each set were raised...
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