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The presence of a larger than usual number of Wormian bones (accessory skull bones completely surrounded by a suture line) is a well‐known radiographic sign of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), but the phenotypic and genotypic correlates are not well characterized. In the present study we...
Sirenomelia and VACTERL association are defects of blastogenesis of unknown cause. Although they appear clinically distinct, some epidemiological and experimental studies suggest a common pathogenetic mechanism. We report on the reproductive history of a 28‐year‐old obese, diabetic mother who...
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominant disorder with classic severe forms and milder atypical variants. Central to making the diagnosis is identification of diagnostic facial features. With the recognition that patients with SMC1A and SMC3 mutations have milder, atypical features, we...
We report on a patient with partial monosomy 6p and partial trisomy 12q identified by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and array‐based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). She had a complex phenotype characterized by mental retardation (MR), psychomotor developmental delay, speech...
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the survival motor neuron (SMN1) gene, affecting approximately 1 in 10,000 live births. The homozygous absence of SMN1 exon 7 has been observed in the majority of patients and is being...
Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors of the adrenal gland occurring sporadically or as part of familial cancer syndromes. Here we report on the case of a pheochromocytoma due to the germline missense mutation c.491A>G (Q164R) in exon 3 of the von Hippel–Lindau gene in a girl as young as 2.75...
X;Y translocation is a relatively rare event in humans. Analyzed cytogenetically, the majority of these aberrations have breakpoints at Xp22 and Yq11. Females with t(X;Y)(p22;q11) are phenotypically normal except for short stature, while the males may have abnormalities. Aberrations that lead to...
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