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The authors evaluated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between the serum concentration of C-reactive protein and measures of obesity and fat distribution, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use, and serum sex hormones in postmenopausal women from the Healthy Women Study (Allegheny...
Epidemiologic studies are crucial to the estimation of numbers of deaths attributable to air pollution. In this paper, the authors present a framework for distinguishing estimates of attributable cases based on time-series studies from those based on cohort studies, the latter being 5–10 times...
Random digit dialing is used frequently in epidemiologic case-control studies to select population-based controls, even when both cases and controls are interviewed face-to-face. However, concerns persist about the potential biases of random digit dialing, particularly given its generally lower...
Fractures in postmenopausal women may serve as a surrogate measure of bone density, reflecting long-term lower estrogen levels, and lower estrogen levels appear to be inversely associated with breast and endometrial cancer. Breast cancer cases aged 50–79 years ( n = 5,559) and endometrial...
A role for glucocorticoids is suspected in the etiology of low birth weight. The authors tested whether maternal consumption of glycyrrhizin (an inhibitor of cortisol metabolism) in licorice affects birth weight in humans. A sample of 1,049 Finnish women and their healthy singleton infants was...
The authors examined use of individual supplements of vitamins A, C, and E only and multivitamins in relation to risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in prospective cohorts of 88,410 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1980–1996), with 261 incident cases during 16 years of follow-up, and of 47,336 men...
A pregnancy may lead to hormone-induced growth of breast tumors. The authors investigated whether women in the first years after childbirth had a higher incidence of breast cancer and, in particular, a higher incidence of late-stage tumors (i.e., a large tumor, nodal involvement, or histologic...
Previous cross-sectional and longitudinal studies assessing the association between age and drinking are inconsistent. Evaluating 15,425 Black and White men and women from four communities, this study sought to determine whether there was a consistent relation between age and drinking in...
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