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To determine if L -arginine, a precursor of the endothelium-derived relaxing factor, restores endothelium-dependent dilation in human coronary arteries, we studied 21 patients in whom the lumina of the coronary arteries were angiographically smooth or slightly irregular and in whom there was a...
The development of hypotension during various exercise stress tests has been correlated with the presence of multivessel coronary artery disease and impaired left ventricular contractility. Hypotension may also occur during dobutamine stress echocardiography; however, its anatomic and functional...
Mechanisms responsible for the well-documented “protection” against myocardial ischemia and infarction in young women and subsequent loss of protection after menopause remain speculative. One possibility is that gender-related variables (such as endogenous hormone levels or regular loss of...
Because limited information is available on significant arrhythmias after myocardial infarction in pediatric patients, this study was performed to determine the incidence and impact of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation on the postinfarction course in patients aged 1 day to 16 years. Review...
The coronary arteries and myocardium from two patients who died after coronary rotational atherectomy were analyzed to gain insights into the mechanisms of lumen enlargement and to document embolization of calcified plaque. Rotational atherectomy resulted in sharp cuts in plaque, producing a...
There is evidence that autoimmunity plays a role in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy and that susceptibility to the disease is related to products of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) class II genes. We compared the distribution of HLA-DQA1 and -DQB1 alleles and haplotypes in 44 normal...
Radiation therapy is currently standard treatment for a number of malignancies, including Hodgkin's disease. With the advent of techniques (e.g., subcarinal blocks) that limit the dose of radiation to which the heart is exposed, the incidence of radiation- induced heart disease can be minimized....
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