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Postingestive CNS pharmacologic effects of ethanol are often assumed to provide the major stimuli for development and maintenance of ethanol self-administration in rats. However, there is little direct evidence to support this assumption. In all procedures that have been used to initiate ethanol...
The glucuronidation of several short-chained aliphatic alcohols in vitro, with the use of human liver microsomes (HLM) as catalyst, was performed, and the kinetics were studied. The concentrations of the glucuronides were determined by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry after derivatization...
In the current study, our aim was to evaluate and investigate the influence of heavy alcohol intake on serum interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentrations. The selection of cytokines was based on their presumptive role in the pathophysiology of...
Results of recent studies support the notion that substance self-administration is partially a genetically controlled component of addiction tied to habit formation and cellular modification of the striatum. Aiming to define pathways among genomic, neural, and behavioral determinants of...
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by cardiomegaly, disruptions of myofibrillary architecture, reduced myocardial contractility, decreased ejection fraction, and enhanced risk of stroke and hypertension. Although several mechanisms have been postulated for alcoholic cardiomyopathy,...
Astroglia are important in immunocompetence and response to injury within the CNS. Activated astroglia respond, in part, by expressing inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) and subsequent catalytic production of nitric oxide. Results from a previous study in our laboratory, in the human A172...
Results from previous studies have demonstrated that ethanol influences central neural mechanisms involved in the control of blood pressure. We studied the effects of ethanol consumption on vasopressin and neuropeptide Y immunoreactivity and mRNA expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius and...
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