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— A survey of the drinking, smoking and illicit drug use of more than 90 000 teenage school students was carried out in 1999. This exercise, known as the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD), revealed marked differences in the substance use patterns of those...
— The objective of this study was to review the evidence for the efficacy and toxicity of naltrexone, a treatment of alcohol dependence. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of naltrexone used in the treatment of alcohol dependence was conducted. We searched...
— Endogenous opioid peptides are thought to participate in the phenomena of alcohol tolerance and withdrawal. Since in the pituitary gland, beta-endorphin (β-EP) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) are produced from the same precursor molecule, pro-opiomelanocortin, it may be expected that...
— Concurrent measures of event-related potentials (ERPs) and skin conductance responses were obtained in an auditory oddball task consisting of rare target, rare non-signal unique novel and frequent standard tones. Twelve right-handed male social drinkers participated in all four cells of the...
— Previous research has shown that excitotoxic lesions of the septum, ventral striatum and adjacent areas increase alcohol intake and defensive aggression in the rat. This behavioural constellation resembles that observed in early-onset Type 2 alcoholism. Due to the fact that the prototypical...
— The purpose of the present study was to investigate personality traits and platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity, as well as occurrence of personality disorder criteria, family characteristics, and criminal activity as related to misuse pattern in a sample of female in-patients with...
— Recently detoxified non-neurological alcoholic patients appear to be impaired in cognitive tasks measuring inhibitory processes as well as working memory (involving storage and manipulation of information). The aim of this study was to investigate in alcoholic participants the relationship...
— Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality profile was used to compare alcohol-dependent patients with non-psychiatric control subjects, and a search made for sub-types of alcoholics with different TCI profiles, using the criteria age of onset of alcohol-related...
— We surveyed a medical school's students' drinking habits and knowledge 12 years after a previous survey. In this current survey from two academic years, final year students drank less than second year students did. Women in their second year drank as much as men. Overall, 28% of students...
— The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between novelty-seeking behaviour and operant oral ethanol self-administration in Wistar rats. The open field and novel object test was used to assess novelty-seeking. Ethanol self-administration was initiated in an operant...
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