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First images on a nanometer scale of reverse transcriptases (RT) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) and of the Moloney murine leukemia virus (MuLV) obtained by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) are reported. The common feature of the observed molecules is a ring-type or horseshoe shape...
A complementation assay is described that can be used with relative safety to quantitate rapidly inhibitory effects of potential anti-HIV-1 drugs on virtually any stage of the HIV-1 life cycle by measurements of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) activity. Of particular interest is that this...
An in vitro model has made it possible to demonstrate HIV transmission from infected lymphocytes to placental trophoblast cells via endocytosis. Upon addition to cultured trophoblast cells (BeWo), chronically HIV-infected lymphocytic cells (MOLT-4) adhered to the epithelial cells via a complex of...