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Sentinel surveillance data from 1995 to 2005 for drug users in Guangdong province, China, showed an increasing prevalence of HIV in the West region while stabilizing in the East and Center. Several factors were significantly associated with HIV infection including gender, age, sharing needles,...
Objective To estimate the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV), and syphilis infections and associated risk exposures in a population-based sample of young women in Vitória, Brazil. Methods From March to December 2006, a cross-sectional sample of women aged 18–29 years was...
Major opium trafficking routes traverse rural Iran, but patterns of drug use and HIV infection in these areas are unknown. In 2004, Iran’s Ministry of Health integrated substance use treatment and HIV prevention into the rural primary health care system. Active opium or heroin users (N = 478)...
Self-reported measures of antiretroviral adherence vary greatly in recall time periods and response tasks. To determine which time frame is most accurate, we compared 3-, 7-day, and 1-month self-reports with data from medication event monitoring system (MEMS). To determine which response task is...
The current study examines the relationship between negative consequences of alcohol use, adherence self-efficacy, medication adherence, and biological markers of HIV health (CD4 count and viral load). A total of 275 HIV-positive men and women with alcohol use disorders were surveyed using...
Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for the majority of HIV/AIDS diagnoses and data suggest infection rates are rising. Identification of factors that increase the risk of infection is key to the development of effective prevention programs. Previous research has been inconsistent regarding...
To determine operational and analytical characteristics of respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in international settings and to explore factors that may affect recruitment of most-at-risk populations using RDS, we reviewed HIV biological and behavioral surveillance studies that used this method...
We examined the influence of attitudes concerning HIV transmission, safe sex, and sexual sensation seeking, as well as negotiated risk reduction with primary partners, on the proportion of unprotected sexual partners (%UASP) among men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants were 263...
There are few studies of HIV risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a behavioral survey of MSM in peri-urban “township” communities in Gauteng province, South Africa. Between October 2004 and March 2005, 199 MSM completed an interviewer...
Transgender populations in the United States have been impacted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This systematic review estimates the prevalence of HIV infection and risk behaviors of transgender persons. Comprehensive searches of the US-based HIV behavioral prevention literature identified 29 studies...
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