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Summary Sir2/Sirt1 and its orthologues are known lifespan extension factors in several aging models from yeast to invertebrates. Sirt1 activation is also known to be beneficial and protective in both invertebrate and mammalian models of neurodegenerative disease. Sirt1’s lifespan extension...
Summary The search for longevity‐determining genes in human has largely neglected the operation of genetic interactions. We have identified a novel combination of common variants of three genes that has a marked association with human lifespan and healthy aging. Subjects were recruited and...
Summary CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Proteins family proteins are important regulators of liver functions. Here, we show the critical role of C/EBPα‐mediated chromatin remodeling in the age‐associated dysfunctions of the liver and in the maintenance of physiological homeostasis. Because ph‐S193...
Summary Aging is a major risk factor for tendon injury and impaired tendon healing, but the basis for these relationships remains poorly understood. Here we show that rat tendon‐derived stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) differ in both self‐renewal and differentiation capability with age. The...
Summary Programmed cell death‐1 (PD‐1) is a newly characterized negative regulator of immune responses. The interaction of PD‐1 with its ligands (PD‐L1 and PD‐L2) inhibits T‐cell proliferation and cytokine production in young mice. Increased PD‐1 expression has been described during...
Summary Migration of fragmented mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to the nucleus has been shown to occur in multiple species including yeast, plants, and mammals. Several human diseases, including Pallister–Hall syndrome and mucolipidosis, can be initiated by mtDNA insertion mutagenesis of nuclear DNA....
Summary Because of recent insights into the pathogenesis of age‐related bone loss, we investigated whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) administration antagonizes the molecular mechanisms of the adverse effects of aging on bone. Parathyroid hormone produced a greater increase in...
Summary Cyclophilin D (CYPD) is a mitochondrial peptidyl prolyl‐cis,trans‐isomerase involved in opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). CYPD abundance increases during aging in mammalian tissues and in the aging model organism Podospora anserina. Here, we show that...
Summary Fat tissue, frequently the largest organ in humans, is at the nexus of mechanisms involved in longevity and age‐related metabolic dysfunction. Fat distribution and function change dramatically throughout life. Obesity is associated with accelerated onset of diseases common in old age,...
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