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We consider possible contributions of plasma membrane redox systems to Aging control by sirtuin (SIR). Reported changes in plasma membrane redox introduced by calorie restriction (CR) may lead to activation of SIR. The most obvious effect would lie in the increase of NAD+ as a result of NADH...
These investigations characterize an in vitro model for generating excess intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). This novel model may be useful in the identification and delineation of cellular mechanisms associated with aging due to the link between age and excess oxidative events. The...
Age and/or gender appear to moderate alpha-adrenergic mediated constrictor mechanisms found in the interlobar arteries of the Munich Wistar rat. We have determined the extent of constriction to alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation using norepinephrine, phenylephrine and A61603 (α 1A -adrenergic...
Coenzyme Q (Q) is reduced in plasma membrane and mitochondria by NAD(P)H-dependent reductases providing reducing equivalents to maintain both respiratory chain and antioxidant protection. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are accumulated in the aging process originating mainly in mitochondria but...
Caloric restriction (CR) is known as the only non-genetic method proven to slow the rate of aging and extend lifespan in animals. Free radicals production emerges from normal metabolic activity and generates the accumulation of oxidized macromolecules, one of the main characteristics of aging....
The plasma membrane redox system (PMRS) is an electron transport chain in the plasma membrane that transfers electrons from either intra- or extracellular donors to extracellular acceptors. Unlike the superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase of phagocytes and the homologous (but much less active)...
Age-related sarcopenia inhibits mobility, increasing the risk for developing many diseases, including diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis, and heart disease. Tissue plasticity, or the ability to regenerate following stress, has been a subject of question in aging humans. We assessed the impact of...
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