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This study evaluates the effectiveness of a video specifically designed to provide relevant information on gambling and to correct the perceptions that adolescents have about pathological gamblers. Results indicate that the video significantly improved participants' knowledge about gambling and...
The aim of this study was to ascertain the possible differences in personality, psychopathology, and response to treatment in pathological gambling according to age. The sample, comprising 67 participants, was divided into three groups: 32.6% with ages ranging between 17 and 26 years, 31.3%...
The aim of this study was to test the cognitive model ( Addict. Behav. 29 (2004) 159) of binge drinking in university students. In Study 1, 202 participants completed the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire (DEQ), the Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (DRSEQ), and the Khavari Alcohol...
By adopting the investigational principle of the Lifetime Drinking History (LDH) interview, we developed a Lifetime Drug Use (LDU) Questionnaire to assess the amount and frequency of lifetime drug consumption. The Pearson Correlation Coefficients for test–retest reliability, investigated in a...
Cigarette smoking is a clear problem among methadone-maintained persons, yet little is known about factors that may be associated with their motivation to quit smoking. A sample of 255 smokers, enrolled in a smoking cessation research protocol, completed measures of their smoking motivation,...
The transtheoretical model of Prochaska and DiClemente ( Psychother. Theory Res. Prac. 19 (1982) 276) postulates that cognitive skills are critical for drinking behavior change. Memory and executive cognitive function likely influence the execution of skills that are implicated for both...
Although it has been suggested that implicit expectancies influence smoking and other addictive behaviors, there is little direct evidence to support this notion. This study offers the first step in exploring implicit expectancy operation in cigarette smoking. Ninety-nine college smokers...
This study was conducted to identify the psychosocial factors associated with successful smoking cessation among ever-smokers aged 60 and older in the United States. Descriptive and multivariate analyses of the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were conducted. Controlling for...
Timeline followback (TLFB) methodology was used to assess the daily use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana in adolescent cigarette smokers and nonsmokers over the prior 30 days. Adolescent smokers reported more frequent daily use of both alcohol and marijuana than nonsmokers did. Of those...
This study examined factors associated with drug treatment dropout among injection drug users (IDUs) in Puerto Rico, a group that has contributed significantly to the self-sustaining AIDS epidemic in the island since the mid-1980s. A total of 557 IDUs were recruited from communities in a...
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