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Various risk behaviors promote the spread of HIV in drug addicts. Reflecting the substantial regional and geographic differences in the impact of HIV, its prevalence rates vary from country to country. In view of increasing reports of injection drug-uses (IDUs) from different parts of India, the...
The present study examined substance use rates among adolescents in Grades 7–12 in Puerto Rico. Nine hundred eighty-nine students completed the Spanish version of the International Survey of Adolescent Health. More than 50% of middle school youths and 75% of high-school youths reported lifetime...
This study examined concurrent and prospective associations between substance use disorder (SUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis and symptoms and mechanisms underlying these associations. Participants ( n =133) were assessed at intake and 6 months following inpatient SUD...
In the current study, a battery of self-report measures of impulsivity, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms, as well as a behavioral measure of risk-taking propensity, was administered to 76 residents of two inner-city substance use residential treatment programs to determine the unique...
Previous work revealed that cognitive functioning moderated the relation between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms and alcohol use ( Alcohol., Clin. Exp. Res. 23 (1999) 224). ADHD Symptoms correlated significantly with alcohol use for individuals with a poorer performance...
In animals, oxytocin enhances maternal behavior and lowers blood pressure (BP) and negative affect, while parturitional cocaine disrupts oxytocin activity and increases maternal neglect and aggression. Thus, we compared oxytocin, BP, maternal behavior, and affect in mothers of infants who used...
The present study of general and romantic adult attachment among 484 female and male college students compared those who resided with an alcohol-abusing parent prior to age 16 and those who did not. Participants completed the Relationship Style Questionnaire (RSQ; general adult attachment),...
Research has demonstrated that social image factors play an important role in the course of adolescent's substance use, that is, smoking and drinking. The concept of social images or prototypes is embedded into a theoretical model called the prototype/willingness model. The present study...
This is the first study to examine the prevalence and effects of major depression (MDD) in a sample of adolescent smokers ( N =211) undergoing treatment for nicotine dependence. We assessed MDD at baseline and end of treatment with the mood disorders portion of the Structured Clinical Interview...
Research has shown that smoking commercial cigarettes results in slight elevations in cortisol levels relative to smoking nicotine-free cigarettes. It is not clear however, whether cortisol concentrations are associated with nicotine withdrawal symptoms among regular cigarette smokers. Nicotine...
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