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The cranial vault is composed of several flat membranous bones whose growth is mainly a result of the activity in the interposing sutures. The reactions of the calvarium and cranial base to provoked stimuli of the sutures dinger depending on their developmental stage. In this report the effects...
Basicranial synchondroses are remnants of the fetal chondrocranium and thus represent primary cartilage, whereas the chondral part of the mandibular condyle, for example, develops unattached to the chondrocranium, as secondary cartilage. The two cartilage groups show differences in structure and...
The influence of the masticatory muscle function on craniofacial growth has been recorded in a series of animal experimental and clinical studies. The common characteristic of these investigations is that the elevator muscles of the mandible influence the transversal and the vertical dimensions...
Bone growth is controlled by growth areas, not active growth centers as stated earlier. Conversion of cartilage, sutural deposition, and periosteal remodeling are the basic phenomena involved in growth mechanisms. The principles of bone growth will result in changes in the size and shape of the...
Bone formation, modeling, and remodeling occur as physiologic developmental growth or healing processes. Bone formation and turnover is an ongoing process from early organogenesis to the end of life. The assumption can be made that all elements for osteogenesis and resorption are present at any...
The paper is a shortened version of a paper read at the symposium on craniofacial growth, in which the literature on various aspects of sutures was reviewed. Suture development, structure, growth, and closure are covered, and the response of sutures to orthopedic forces and their role in...
Treatment of patients with craniofacial (CF) anomalies necessitates knowledge about normal CF growth and how it deviates in the abnormal state. There are different basic types of CF anomalies and various kinds of aberrations that influence CF development. These factors might help to explain why...
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