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A fragment of second-order lambda calculus (System F ) is defined that characterizes the elementary recursive functions. Type quantification is restricted to be noninterleaved and stratified, that is, the types are assigned levels, and a quantified variable can only be instantiated by a type of...
Query equivalence is investigated for disjunctive aggregate queries with negated subgoals, constants and comparisons. A full characterization of equivalence is given for the aggregation functions count, max, sum, prod, top2 and parity . A related problem is that of determining, for a given...
Inductive logic programming (ILP) realizes inductive machine learning in computational logic. However, the present ILP mostly handles classical clausal programs, especially Horn logic programs, and has limited applications to learning nonmonotonic logic programs . This article studies a method...
Model checking is a method for the verification of systems with respect to their specifications. Symbolic model-checking, which enables the verification of large systems, proceeds by calculating fixed-point expressions over the system's set of states. The μ-calculus is a branching-time temporal...
We give a purely model-theoretic characterization of the semantics of logic programs with negation-as-failure allowed in clause bodies. In our semantics, the meaning of a program is, as in the classical case, the unique minimum model in a program-independent ordering. We use an expanded truth...
We show the NP-completeness of the existential theory of term algebras with the Knuth--Bendix order by giving a nondeterministic polynomial-time algorithm for solving Knuth--Bendix ordering constraints.
Circumscription has been recognized as an important principle for knowledge representation and common-sense reasoning. The need for a circumscriptive formalism that allows for simple yet elegant modular problem representation has led Lifschitz (AIJ, 1995) to introduce nested abnormality theories...
Recently, several approaches to updating knowledge bases modeled as extended logic programs have been introduced, ranging from basic methods to incorporate (sequences of) sets of rules into a logic program, to more elaborate methods which use an update policy for specifying how updates must be...
Much work has been done on extending the well-founded semantics to general disjunctive logic programs and various approaches have been proposed. However, these semantics are different from each other and no consensus is reached about which semantics is the most intended. In this article, we look...
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