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Microfluidics-based biochips consist of microfluidic arrays on rigid substrates through which movement of fluids is tightly controlled to facilitate biological reactions. Biochips are soon expected to revolutionize biosensing, clinical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, and drug discovery....
It is anticipated that the number of defects in nanoscale devices fabricated using bottom-up self-assembly process is significantly higher than that for CMOS devices fabricated by conventional top-down lithography patterning. This is mainly because of inherent lack of control in self-assembly...
Defect tolerance will be critical in any system with nanoscale feature sizes. This article examines some fundamental aspects of defect tolerance for a reconfigurable system based on Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA). We analyze a novel, QCA-based, Programmable Logic Array (PLA) structure,...
According to Moore's law, the number of transistors in a chip doubles every 18 months. The increased transistor-count leads to increased power density. Thus, in modern circuits, power efficiency is a central determinant of circuit efficiency. With scaling, leakage power accounts for an...
Scan chains are widely used to improve the testability of integrated circuit (IC) designs and to facilitate fault diagnosis. For traditional 2D IC design, a number of design techniques have been proposed in the literature for scan-chain routing and scan-cell partitioning. However, these...
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