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ImportanceEarly intervention for substance use is critical to improving adolescent outcomes. Studies have found promising results for Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), but little research has examined implementation.
ObjectiveTo compare SBIRT implementation in...
Abstract Importance The association between early exposure to animals and childhood asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results. Objective To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk of asthma. Design, Setting and Participants In a...
ImportanceLack of robust program evaluation has hindered the effectiveness of school-based drug abuse prevention curricula overall. Independently evaluated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, middle school–based drug abuse prevention curricula are the most useful indicators of...
This Viewpoint discusses the need for development of pediatric medical devices.
This Viewpoint proposes cultivating a new role in family centeredness in the setting of high-consequence pathogens by optimizing virtual technology, having health care professionals assume an active role in family centeredness, and thinking creatively.
ImportanceExtubation failure is common in extremely preterm infants. The current paucity of data on the adverse long-term respiratory outcomes associated with reinitiation of mechanical ventilation prevents assessment of the risks and benefits of a trial of extubation in this population....
ImportanceA genetic polymorphism affecting FUT2 secretor status in approximately one-quarter of humans of European descent affects the expression of histo-blood group antigens on the mucosal epithelia of human respiratory, genitourinary, and digestive tracts. These histo-blood group antigens...
ImportanceRacial disparities in use of analgesia in emergency departments have been previously documented. Further work to understand the causes of these disparities must be undertaken, which can then help inform the development of interventions to reduce and eradicate racial disparities in...
ImportanceEfforts to optimize early parenteral nutrition (PN) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants to promote growth and development may increase hyperglycemia risk. Recent studies have identified an association between early hyperglycemia and adverse outcomes in ELBW infants....
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