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Information Polity

Publisher:
IOS Press
IOS Press
ISSN:
1570-1255
Scimago Journal Rank:
39
journal article
LitStream Collection
How deeply are parliaments engaging on social media?

Leston-Bandeira, Cristina ; Bender, David

2013 Information Polity

doi: 10.3233/IP-130316

This article explores how parliaments are using social media, assessing the role this plays in public engagement. Relatively latecomers to the world of social media, parliaments have made considerable strides in the last couple of years with many now joining a platform that is still perceived as an unknown and vulnerable space for formal political institutions. We show that parliaments are using social media mainly to report parliamentary business, interacting with citizens only on the margins. We consider the extent to which this approach constitutes public engagement and explore the differences in strategy between parliamentary institutions. In our analysis we consider in particular the specificity of parliamentary institutions in their ability to use this type of tools effectively. We also reflect on the limitations and challenges these tools raise to an institution such as a parliament, namely in terms of engaging with the public. Our study includes an overview of social media accounts in parliaments across the world, being mainly based on a content analysis of a sample of Facebook and Twitter feeds from five European parliaments, supported by information drawn from elite interviews with senior parliamentary officials and representatives.
journal article
LitStream Collection
Local election blogs: Networking among the political elite

Segaard, Signe Bock ; Nielsen, Jeppe Agger

2013 Information Polity

doi: 10.3233/IP-130314

This article explores the role of social media (essentially blogs) in the 2011 Norwegian local election campaigns. We commence by developing a framework for investigating political communication using the social media that conceptualises the horizontal and vertical conversation along two dimensions: participants and interaction. Next, we apply our framework in a case study of election blogs in twelve Norwegian municipalities using multiple data sources. In contrast to the democratic vision of social media, our analysis demonstrates that election blogs are primarily used by those who are politically active in other arenas as well and that most communication consists of one-way information dissemination with little actual exchange of information. The main findings also indicate a paradox: there is a mismatch between the types of communication the candidates perceive as important and their actual behaviour in the local election campaign. While candidates say they want to connect with the electorate, in practice they are networking with each other. Our findings are discussed in light of the institutional setting in which the blogging take place, and the specific social media under investigation.
journal article
LitStream Collection
ICT-enabled public sector organisational transformation: Factors constituting resistance to change

Meier, René ; Ben, Esther Ruiz ; Schuppan, Tino

2013 Information Polity

doi: 10.3233/IP-130315

This paper suggests a revision of the commonly used model of acceptance of technical tools (TAM) for analyzing employees' attitudes towards ICT-enabled public sector organizational transformation. TAM models focus too much on technology acceptance ignoring employees' resistance to change and the reasons for innovation failure. Empirical research has shown the importance to consider these factors in organizational change projects. Basing on the example of the implementation of an electronic record system in the state (Land) Brandenburg (Germany), the paper applies a quantitative methodology for addressing the question: To what extent can other factors, besides software-problems, explain the employees' resistance to change towards the implementation of the electronic record system? The results of our analysis show that in addition to the construct 'technology acceptance model' the variables: fear of losing work autonomy or in other words discretion, the perceived quality of information and the social influence significantly affect resistance to change. Long term analysis of the introduction of electronic systems in public organizations would improve the explanation power of our model enabling to examine the particular importance of these factors in different phases of the innovation process and to create appropriate interventions.
journal article
LitStream Collection
Implementing e-government in hard times: When the past is wildly at variance with the future

Sorrentino, Maddalena ; De Marco, Marco

2013 Information Polity

doi: 10.3233/IP-130319

The article aims to contribute to the debate on the role of e-government in spurring the reorganisation of the public sector and broader economic development in a period when financial austerity reduces the public resources available to drive change. The overarching argument here is that the past constrains what can be done in the future. In other words, the administrative patterns and attitudes of old determine the speed and breadth of the new practices championed by the stimulus packages. The paper analyses the Digital Agenda launched in 2012 by Italy's bipartisan government and discusses the consequences of this path dependency 'on the ground'. Our findings indicate that the potential of e-government as an engine of growth and a driver of large-scale change is thwarted by the policy makers overplaying of cost-cutting targets rather than transformational targets.
journal article
LitStream Collection
Ex-ante evaluation: Towards an assessment model of its impact on the success of e-government projects

Jukić, Tina ; Vintar, Mirko ; Benčina, Jože

2013 Information Polity

doi: 10.3233/IP-130320

The paper addresses the issue of ex-ante evaluation of e-government projects. Many methodologies have been developed in the last 15 years in order to support such evaluations, but we still know very little about the impact of these evaluations on the success rate of e-government projects. The research conducted on the Slovenian public administration and presented in this paper fills in the gap between theoretical and empirical research in this area. Using the methodology of partial least squares, a model of indicators was developed and tested in the Slovenian e-government environment. It was proven that ex-ante evaluation of e-government projects has an impact on the success of these projects – 28% of the variance in success can be explained by ex-ante evaluation.
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