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This study focuses on an important aspect of air––sea interaction in models, namely, large-scale, spurious heat fluxes due to false pathways of the Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Current (NAC) in the ““storm formation region”” south and east of Newfoundland. Although high-resolution...
A 7.2-km tow in the upper seasonal thermocline of the Sargasso Sea with an 80-m aperture thermistor–– conductivity chain and shipborne 150-kHz ADCP is examined to determine the relationship between patches of scalar activity and buoyancy frequency, vertical shear, and gradient Richardson number...
An idealized numerical simulation of the tropical Atlantic Ocean is used to study the dynamics of an Atlantic subsurface countercurrent, the South Equatorial Undercurrent (SEUC). The particular structure of the SEUC between 28°° and 10°°W allows for a reformulation of the transformed Eulerian...
A simplified model is used to study the possible effects of the horizontal upper-ocean wind-driven circulation (WDC) on the variability of the overturning meridional circulation driven by buoyancy fluxes. It is found that the added interaction with the WDC adds interesting new classes of...
The salient feature of the oceanic thermal structure is a remarkably shallow thermocline, especially in the Tropics and subtropics. What factors determine its depth? Theories for the deep thermohaline circulation provide an answer that depends on oceanic diffusivity, but they deny the surface...
The mass and heat budgets of the warm upper-ocean layer are investigated in the equatorial Atlantic using in situ observations during the period 1979––99, which encompassed a series of warm events in the equatorial Atlantic. The warm water layer is defined as the layer having an in situ...
Wave breaking in the open ocean and coastal zones remains an intriguing yet incompletely understood process, with a strong observed association with wave groups. Recent numerical study of the evolution of fully nonlinear, two-dimensional deep water wave groups identified a robust threshold of a...
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